What is Urology?
Urology is a part of health care that deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra). It also deals with the male organs that are able to make babies (penis, testes, scrotum, prostate, etc.). Since health problems in these body parts can happen to everyone, urologic health is important.
Urology is known as a surgical specialty. Besides surgery, a urologist is a doctor with wisdom of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and other parts of health care. This is because a urologist encounters a wide range of clinical problems. The scope of urology is big and the American Urological Association has named seven subspecialty parts:
- Pediatric Urology (children’s urology)
- Urologic Oncology (urologic cancers)
- Renal (kidney) Transplant
- Male Infertility
- Calculi (urinary tract stones)
- Female Urology
- Neurourology (nervous system control of genitourinary organs)
What is Andrology?
The branch of medicine concerned with men’s health, particularly male infertility and sexual dysfunction. Andrology is literally the study of man (Greek Andros, man). It is the male counterpart of gynecology.
It is also known as “the science of men”. It is the counterpart to gynecology, which deals with medical issues which are specific to the female reproductive system. However, unlike gynecology, which has a plethora of medical board certification programs worldwide, andrology has none.
Male-specific medical and surgical procedures include vasectomy, vasovasostomy (one of the vasectomy reversal procedures), orchidopexy and circumcision as well as intervention to deal with male genitourinary disorders erectile dysfunction, infertility, penile fracture, prostate cancer etc.